hardware random number generator


hardware random number generator
аппаратно реализованный генератор случайных чисел.

English-Russian cryptological dictionary . 2014.

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  • Hardware random number generator — This SSL Accelerator computer card uses a hardware random number generator to generate cryptographic keys to encrypt data sent over computer networks. In computing, a hardware random number generator is an apparatus that generates random numbers… …   Wikipedia

  • Random number generator attack — The security of cryptographic systems depends on some secret data that is known to authorized persons but unknown and unpredictable to others. To achieve this unpredictability, some randomization is typically employed. Modern cryptographic… …   Wikipedia

  • Comparison of hardware random number generators — In computing, a hardware random number generator is an apparatus that generates random numbers from a physical process. Such devices are often based on microscopic phenomena that generate a low level, statistically random noise signal, such as… …   Wikipedia

  • Random number table — Random number tables have been used in statistics for tasks such as selected random samples. This was much more effective than manually selecting the random samples (with dice, cards, etc.). Nowadays, tables of random numbers have been replaced… …   Wikipedia

  • Random number generation — A random number generator (often abbreviated as RNG) is a computational or physical device designed to generate a sequence of numbers or symbols that lack any pattern, i.e. appear random. Computer based systems for random number generation are… …   Wikipedia

  • Random password generator — A random password generator is software program or hardware device that takes input from a random or pseudo random number generator and automatically generates a password. Random passwords can be generated manually, using simple sources of… …   Wikipedia

  • Cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator — A cryptographically secure pseudo random number generator (CSPRNG) is a pseudo random number generator (PRNG) with properties that make it suitable for use in cryptography. Many aspects of cryptography require random numbers, for example: Key… …   Wikipedia

  • List of random number generators — Computer random number generators are important in mathematics, cryptography and gambling. This list includes all common types, regardless of quality.Pseudorandom number generators (PRNGs)The following algorithms are pseudorandom number… …   Wikipedia

  • Pseudorandom number generator — A pseudorandom number generator (PRNG), also known as a deterministic random bit generator (DRBG),[1] is an algorithm for generating a sequence of numbers that approximates the properties of random numbers. The sequence is not truly random in… …   Wikipedia

  • Random seed — A random seed (or seed state, or just seed) is a number (or vector) used to initialize a pseudorandom number generator.The choice of a good random seed is crucial in the field of computer security when a secret encryption key is pseudorandomly… …   Wikipedia

  • Random variate — A random variate is a particular outcome of a random variable: the random variates which are other outcomes of the same random variable would have different values. Random variates are used when simulating processes driven by random influences… …   Wikipedia


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